This project uses health care as a lens to explore how individuals living outside of their home country gain access to social protection.  Immigrants are often ineligible for social welfare programs in receiving countries, and can no longer physically access social welfare programs in sending countries. Extending welfare to non-citizens is extremely contentious, and yet we see surprising variation in when and how immigrants are able to access this corner of the social safety net – both at the cross-national and sub-national levels.   Launched in 2014, this project has resulted in several papers and articles co-authored with Peggy Levitt (Department of Sociology, Wellesley College), and a co-authored book manuscript is currently in development.